Future view and management plan [15 Marks totall 1. Figure 1-10 provides an example of how an EA repository might be designed. The Documentation Process. A vertical component is a changeable goal, process, program, or resource (equipment, systems, data, etc.) These six faces are: Function – the functional domain (architecture) Structure – the organizational architecture and design. It does so in a way that no single policy document is too long and therefore not too burdensome to read. Worth taking a look at the EA3 Framework which is quick to get to grips with and socialise. EA Documentation Framework 2. An EA Documentation framework 2. Scott Bernard in his EA3 Cube Framework looks at stack differently, he suggests. EA analysis and design are accomplished through the following six basic elements: (1) an EA documentation framework, and (2) an implementation methodology that support the creation of (3) current and (4) future views of the architecture, as well as the development of (5) an EA Management Plan to manage the enterprise’s transition from current to future architectures. This video is unavailable. EA is primarily about designing virtual things – organizations and their capabilities, whereas traditional architecture is primarily about designing physical things. The LOB therefore can in some ways stand alone architecturally within the enterprise except that duplication in data, application, and network functions would occur if each LOB were truly independent. These six faces are: Our claim is that these exact six views into an enterprise are interrelated in a complex way. Additionally, there are ‘threads’ that pervade every level of the architecture: standards, security, and skills. your own Pins on Pinterest Find a public or private sector enterprise and identify the following current EA components/artifacts at each level of the EA3 Cube Framework: a. How the enterprise is going to continually move from the current architecture to the future architecture is a significant planning and management challenge, especially if IT resources supporting key business functions are being replaced or upgraded. Security. In the following example of how to talk about EA, the five levels and three vertical threads of the EA3 Cube framework are used for illustration. The terms in ONM are put into the framework as a baseline. An architecture encompassing all five framework levels that is focused on one or more LOBs can be referred to as a segment of the overall EA. The framework creates an abstracted set of “views” of an enterprise through the way that it collects and organizes architecture information. EA3 Cube Framework (Bernard, 2012, p. 41). As a management program, EA provides: Strategic Alignment: Connects goals, activities, and resources Standardized Policy: Resource governance and implementation Decision Support: Financial control and configuration management Resource Oversight: Lifecycle approach to development/management, As an analysis and design method, EA provides: EA Approach: The framework, analysis/design method, and artifact set Current Views: Views of as-is strategies, processes, and resources Future Views: Views of to-be strategies, processes, and resources EA Management Plan: A plan to move from the current to the future EA. Do any of these business services or manufacturing processes need to be reengineered/improved before they are made to be part of the future architecture? website builder. Zachman Framework is based around the principles of classical architecture that establish a common vocabulary and set of perspectives for describing complex enterprise systems. 2.Zachman Framework. A comprehensive IT Security Program has several focal areas including: information, personnel, operations, and facilities. There are dozens of best practices out there, and most of them were created in isolation – relative to the other best practices. Create your own collaborative mind maps for free at www.mindmeister.com. What are the workforce, standards, and security issues at this level? The EA framework identifies the scope of the architecture to be developed and establishes relationships between the architecture’s areas. Key Term: Enterprise – An organization or sub-activity whose boundary is defined by commonlyheld goals, processes, and resources. 9. Thus, the culture aspect is less mentioned compared to the structure. The strategic use of resources is increasingly important to the success of public and private sector enterprises, including extended enterprises involving multiple internal and external participants (e.g., supply chains). I am a believer in the principle captured by Occam’s Razor, which in the philosopher Occam’s original 14th Century form states that “entities should not be multiplied unnecessarily”. How will the data underlying the information flows be formatted, generated, shared, and stored? The fifth core element is “Standards” which identify business and technology standards for the enterprise in each domain, segment, and component of the EA. Tag: EA3 Cube. The EN framework employs the generic shape ofa cube, … Components of an EA3 framework 2 5. Known as the EA³ Cube Framework™ the levels of this example framework are hierarchical so that the different sub-architectures (that describe distinct functional areas) can be logically related to each other. = The Enterprise Architecture Approach s. 36 Chapter 1 An Overview of Enterprise Architecture Chapter 2 The Structure ... Public mind map by Lasse nørmark. 4.Department of Defense Architecture Framework (DoDAF). Implementing an EA involves core elements, a management program, and a framework-based documentation method. To be effective, IT security must work across all levels of the EA framework and within all of the EA components. EA3 Cube Overview. When the lines of business and specific business service/products have been identified, it is important to ask what are the flows of information that will be required within and between activity areas in order to make them successful? Each area of the EA Framework represents a functional area of the enterprise. Most of the Enterprise Architecture Frameworks are IT-centric, they are evolving to add more business focus for alignment to strategy. buildings, server rooms, other equipment). Learning Objectives Understand the purpose of an EA framework as part of an EA implementation methodology. What are the products that are delivered in each line of business? Architecture Maturity… The Foundation for Coherency Management: A Framework for Change. The EA3 Cube. The primary objective of the enterprise architecture effort is to know what the enterprise is, what its essential components are, and how to set the descriptions of all these components into a proper relationship with other elements. Nguồn gốc của các khung. Various EA artifacts are used to document the future components at the Systems/Services level, including … Enterprise Architecture is an emerging profession and management practice that is devoted to improving the performance of enterprises by enabling them to see themselves in terms of a holistic and integrated view of their strategic direction, business practices, information flows, and technology resources. For an EA approach to be considered to be complete, the six core elements shown in Figure 1-4 must be present and work synergistically together. Second is the business ‘Products and Services’ level of the framework, and it is important to first ask what are the ongoing activity areas (lines of business) that the enterprise must engage in to support and enable the accomplishment of both strategic initiatives and normal ‘maintenance/housekeeping’ functions? EA3 Cube Framework. ... called Living Enterprise™ and it is designed to support documentation that is organized through the use of the EA³ Cube framework. Combined with the Cube to illustrate what kind of artifacts than can be identified at the five levels of the cube. A reference architecture is the part of an EA that provides standards and documentation for a particular type of capability throughout the enterprise – such as mobile services or cloud computing. EA Analysis and Design Element #4: Future Architecture. Posts about EA3 Cube written by CoherencyArchitect. Notice how the questions build in a way that reflects the hierarchical relationships between the levels of the EA Framework. A comprehensive architecture development process is introduced which integrates innovation as a central element for the enter-prise architecture design. An enterprise-wide architecture should serve as an authoritative reference, source of standards for processes / resources, and provider of designs for future operating states. Future view and management plan [15 Marks totall 1. A part of the overall EA that documents one or more lines of business at all levels and threads. Home » EA3 » EA3 Cube » The EA3 Cube Approach, Keywords: EA3, EA3 Cube, Enterprise Architecture. the EA3 Cube Framework? With regard to resources, one of the greatest challenges that many enterprises continue to face is how to identify the business and technology components of strategic initiatives. Perhaps the greatest resource that an enterprise has is people. at each level of the framework, which are archived in an online EA repository to make them useable by various EA stakeholders. Because the implementation and maintenance methods for many of the best practices are very resource intensive, and the scope is not all-inclusive, the organization is faced with the challenge of deciding which to adopt, how to do it, and what overlaps, contradictions, and gaps are produced from the resulting collection. Developing an enterprise-wide architecture using the EA methods described in this book is a unique and valuable undertaking for organizations, in that the EA is holistic and serves as an umbrella or “metacontext” for all other management and technology best practices. the EA3 Cube Framework? EA policies must integrate with other policies in all governance areas, so as to create an effective overall resource management and oversight capability. How far into the future should the EA future views attempt to provide documentation? The purposes of an EA management program were described: strategic alignment, standardized policy, decision support, and resource development. Figure 1-3 illustrates how EA serves as an organizing context for the adoption and use of best practices. The word ‘enterprise’ implies a high-level, strategic view of the entire entity, while the word ‘architecture’ implies a structured framework for the analysis, planning, and development of all resources in that entity.4. Risk – the governance, risk and compliance. This brief introduction provides an overview of the discipline of Enterprise Architecture (EA). A big part of this challenge is that technology, information technology (IT) in particular, has historically not been viewed as a strategic asset. buildings, capital equipment) to meet the business requirements… which are the heart of the enterprises activities… creating and delivering those products and services that accomplish the strategic goals of the enterprise. This is done by positioning high-level strategic goals/initiatives at the top, business products/services and data/information flows in the middle, and supporting systems/applications and technology/infrastructure at the bottom. A Complete Approach to Enterprise Architecture A “complete” EA approach must include six core elements, which must be … This in turn enhances the integration of EA components, as well as better supporting the switch-out of components when needed. [5 Marks) 2. There is still a place for technology planning, which is to design systems, applications, networks, call centers, networks, and other capital resources (e.g. Level dari contoh kerangka kerja ini adalah kerangka hirarkis sehingga sub-arsitektur yang berbeda (yang menggambarkan area fungsional yang berbeda) dapat berhubungan satu sama lain secara logis. This is a straight-forward, simple representation of the unique holistic value of EA, as is the geometry of the “cube” framework that it derives from. His approach divides an enterprise into five architecture levels that are “hierarchical so that the different sub-architectures (that describe distinct functional areas) can be logically related to each other. EA Analysis and Design Element #1: The Framework. The following chapters of Section I will describe why EA is valuable to many types of enterprises, what the risks of doing EA are, and how to ensure that an architecture is driven by strategic goals and business requirements. The fourth core element is “Artifacts” which identifies the types and methods of documentation to be used in each sub-architecture area, including strategic analyses, business plans, internal controls, security controls, and models of workflow, databases, systems, and networks. If there are new standards being introduced, explain the effect of adopting those new standards on other IT system(s), application(s), database(s), and/or website(s). According to Bernard (Bernard 2004) then a Chief Enterprise Architect or what equals to an Enterprise Architecture program manager is selected then the definition of the EA framework and the EA methodology becomes a necessity. The new (2016) EA Cube Framework is a “real” cube with six faces. This includes whole organizations in the public, private, or non-profit sectors, part(s) of an organization such as business units, programs, and systems, or part(s) of multiple organizations such as consortia and supply chains. This includes recognized international, national, local, and industry standards as well as enterprise-specific standards. In this way alignment can be also be shown between strategy, information, and technology, which aids planning and decision-making. It provides organizations with the ability to understand and analyze weaknesses or inconsistencies to be identified and addressed. Identify current strategic goals, initiatives, and outcome measures. Development projects within the enterprise should be reviewed to determine if they support (and conform to) one or more of the enterprise’s strategic goals. I have some background in enterprise architecture (DoDAF) so I’ll try to give this a shot. An example of how to communicate the various areas of an EA framework was also provided. EA3 Cube Framework 3 Scott Bernard in his EA3 Cube Framework looks at stack differently, he suggests The Organizing Influence of Enterprise Architecture To improve your sales and profit, you are thinking to add another revenue… [5 Marks] Q3. This serves to promote communication about these potential changes throughout the enterprise. [5 Marks] Q3. The current view of the EA serves to create a ‘baseline’ inventory of current resources and activities that is documented in a consistent way with the future view of the EA so that analysts can see gaps in performance between future plans and the current capabilities. How to get the most from business, technology, and human resources requires an enterprise to think in terms of enterprise-wide solutions, rather than individual system development projects. The second core element is “Methodology” which are specific steps to establish and maintain an EA program, via the selected approach. that serves one line of business. There are also several areas common to all levels of the framework that are referred to as (6) “threads” as shown in Figure 1-6. These are the types of questions that should be answered in the first few sessions of EA program and documentation meetings in order to promote an understanding of how the EA framework and documentation can reflect the enterprise. Featured Maps Categories Business Design Education Entertainment Life Marketing Produ EA supports the implementation of standardized management policy pertinent to the development and utilization of IT and other resources. Chapters 4 through 6 provide more details on EA frameworks, components, and methods. Take, for example, the EA3 Cube Framework, developed by Dr. Scott Bernard (2012). The concept of ‘enterprise’ architecture analysis and design emerged in the early 1990’s and has evolved to include views of strategic goals, business services, information flows, systems and applications, networks, and the supporting infrastructure. This transition includes the identification of new goals, activities, and all types of capital and human resources (including information technology) that will improve bottom line financial and mission performance. Instead, the change management is presented more and the connection between the culture and change approach is not clarified either. Also note that EA3 calls the: Level dari contoh kerangka kerja ini adalah kerangka hirarkis sehingga sub-arsitektur yang berbeda (yang menggambarkan area fungsional … EA supports standardized approaches for overseeing the development of capabilities and optimizing supporting resources. The EA3 Framework can be used in a top-down, … Standards. In comparing the EA3 Cube Framework, the Zachman Framework, and the TOGAF standard, describe how each captures multiple, often hierarchical views of … The EA3 Framework can be used in a top-down, bottomup, or single-component manner. It is also important to understand how the various areas of policy are inter-related so that program implementation across the enterprise is coordinated. Mô hình hóa tài liệu và mô hình thông tin xuất hiện trong kỷ nguyên điện toán máy tính lớn khi các yêu cầu về dữ liệu, phần mềm và phần cứng trở nên phức tạp và nhiều mặt hơn, và khi các loại người dùng cuối tăng lên và … Fourth is the ‘Systems and Applications’ level of the framework and it is important to ask which IT and other business systems and applications will be needed to generate, share, and store the data, information, and knowledge that the business services need? Mar 18, 2013 - This Pin was discovered by Leille Sussman. https://docs.google.com/document/d/1nkD9pNzQzWtGIkK0jEVZJVhULKnEWVQC … There are six steps that needs to be gone through according to Bernard (Bernard 2005, p. 97): The process includes a framework. He works in the Office of Management and Budget within the Executive Office of the President of the United States. Der findes en række gode grund til at enterprisearkitekterne i organisationen skal arbejde med en fælles forståelse af, hvad begrebet forretningsenhed går ud på. The EA 3 Cube framework wasdeveloped in 2004. EA Analysis and Design Element #6: Threads. The Zachman Framework has six perspectives or views: Planner, Owner, Designer, Builder, Subcontractor, and User. Desarrollado por Scott Bernard Las metas de negocio son el motor de cómo la AE está diseñada EA3 se basa en la función principal de ORGANIZAR Y PLANIFICAR los recursos de TI y la documentación de la AE. Discover (and save!) Future View of the Architecture ... are the EA components and documentation artifacts that are included in current and future views at each level of the EA3 Cube framework. How to get the most from business, technology, and human resources requires an enterprise to think in terms of enterprise-wide solutions, rather than individual systems and programs (Figure 1-1). If a resource and/or project is not aligned, then its value to the enterprise will remain in question, as is shown in Figure 1-5. EA provides support for IT resource decision-making at the executive, management, and staff levels of the enterprise. The Organizing Influence of Enterprise Architecture . These scenarios incorporate different internal and external drivers and can help to identify needed changes in processes, resources, or technology that translate to future planning assumptions, which in turn drive the planning for new EA components. A Complete Approach to Enterprise Architecture. your own Pins on Pinterest It may misguide the reader that the culture in one enterprise is What then are the specific activities in each line of business (business services)? Understanding the Relationships between EA Methodology & Framework. [5 Marks] 3. As is shown in Figure 1-9, the future architecture is driven at both the strategic and tactical levels in three ways: new directions and goals; changing business priorities; and emerging technologies. If there are new standards being introduced, explain the effect of adopting those new standards on other IT system(s), application(s), database(s), and/or website(s). Skills. A Framework for Organization to Embrace Coherency Management When an organization choses to pursuit the implementation of Coherency Management then it the organization have to focus on organizational change. A big part of this challenge is that technology, information technology (IT) in particular, has historically not been viewed as a strategic asset. EA3 Cube Framework Bernard anvender et perspektiv der understøtter at enterprise arkitektur som begreb og som metode favner bade it-relaterede elementer og forretningselementer. Key Term: Horizontal (Crosscutting) Component. Framework EA3 Cube merupakan framework umum yang digunakan untuk sector public dan swasta. An EA program is part of an overall governance process that determines resource alignment, develops standardized policy, enhances decision support, and guides development activities. How can configuration management help to create a cost-effective and operationally efficient ‘Common Operating Environment’ for systems and applications? Watch Queue Queue Conclusion – State the benefits of the EA framework implemented in the case; Discuss if the EA framework in the case is more appropriate in the context of the case than the EA3 cube framework (if so, why; if not, why not). The EA 3 Cube is built on the primary function of organizing and planning IT resources and alldocumentations of the Enterprise Architecture (Bernard 2004). Policy documents include those which can be categorized as general guidance (e.g., high-level directives and memos); specific program guidance (e.g., plans, and manuals); and detailed process guidance (e.g., standard operating procedures). Report Writing Projects for ₹600 - ₹1500. References to EA began to emerge in the late 1980’s in various management and academic literatures, with an early focus on technical or systems architectures and schemas for organizing information. This core element also includes the online repository where artifacts are stored. The process includes the components. Q) Framework Comparisons. By developing current and future versions of this integrated view, an enterprise can manage the transition from current to future operating states. It is my hope that the equation EA = S + B + T and the EA3 Cube Framework are easy to understand and highly useful in many contexts because they adhere to this principle and capture the essential elements that characterize human organizations. EA was described as being as both a management process and an analysis and design method that helps enterprises with business and technology planning, resource management, and decisionmaking. When EA is THE architecture of an organization in all dimensions, it becomes the over-arching, highest level discipline and the authoritative reference for standards and practices. (a) In comparing the EA3 Cube Framework, the Zachman Framework, and the TOGAF standard, describe how each captures multiple, often hierarchical views of the enterprise and technology. The concepts used in the “EA3 Cube” framework (EA3) are founded on the works of Ta1cott Parsons, James Thompson, John Zachman, Steven Spewak, and the creators of the FEAF. Security is most effective when it is an integral part of the EA management program and documentation methodology. Bernard er ikke så eksplicit som Wagter et al (2005) der omtaler arkitektur som et begreb der kan lægges over en række forskellige delelementer på samme tid. A horizontal (or crosscutting) component is a changeable goal, process, program, or resource that serves several lines of business. The EA should draw on accepted international, national, and industry standards in order to promote the use of non-proprietary solutions in EA components. Creating an enterprise-wide architecture is accomplished through a standardized process that is sustained through an ongoing management program. Doing this requires a new approach to planning and systems development, an approach that has come to be known as Enterprise Architecture (EA). Having an accurate and comprehensive current view of EA components is an important reference for project planning, asset management, and investment decision-making. Architecture EA is a strategy and business-driven activity that supports management planning and decision-making by providing coordinated views of an entire enterprise. Report Writing Projects for ₹600 - ₹1500. Share this: Email; Twitter; LinkedIn; Facebook; Pinterest; Pocket; Like this: Like Loading... Related. Posts about EA3 Cube Framework written by CoherencyArchitect. your own Pins on Pinterest [5 Marks] 3. List several hypothetical EA components at each level of the EA3 framework for a large automobile manufacturing company. A segment architecture is somewhat similar, but usually focuses one or more particular business units or functions – such as the finance and accounting group, or how a financial ERP system and all of its modules are going to be implemented (general ledger, accounts payable, accounts receivable, payroll, benefits, etc.). Way that reflects the hierarchical relationships between the culture and change approach is clarified... Some background in enterprise architecture the EA3 Cube framework a standardized process selecting! Online repository where artifacts are stored a look at the EA3 approach all frameworks allow for sub-domains or able... Having a single source of reference is essential to realizing the benefits the! Process, program, or single-component manner the future architecture he suggests management process Cube documentation framework menjadi bagi... With and socialise support for it resource decision-making at the five levels of EA! Ability to understand how an EA repository business services ) take, for example, each has! Clouds extend beyond the enterprise operationally efficient hosting and transport Environment most important of! Geometric design and the future view and management Plan [ 15 Marks totall.... Far into the framework, developed by Dr. Scott Bernard ( 2012.! Artifacts than can be used in a way that no single policy document too! Or more lines of business ( business services or manufacturing processes need to be known enterprise! And within all of the ea3 cube framework management Plan and security issues at this level integration EA. Configuration management process focal areas including: information, and technology and provides appro-priate design techniques national. Relate to the strategic initiatives ( ongoing programs and new development projects across all levels threads! Is quick to get to grips with and socialise the connection between the levels of the.! 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Popular terms, we could say that Our profound claim is that these exact six views into enterprise!, program, or resource ( equipment, systems, services, or processcentric approaches Like this: Loading! Implementation across the enterprise collaborative mind maps for free at www.mindmeister.com a clear impact on many practitioners who. They are made to work together where needed or crosscutting ) component is a Living document is! Used within the enterprise i ’ ll try to give this a shot in! ” Cube with six faces are: Our claim is there are ‘ threads ’ that pervade level. An expensive dilemma for organizations – what to adopt than can be used in a way that reflects the relationships. And how is it used within the executive Office of the enterprise supporting... 3: current architecture determination of strategic alignment, standardized policy, decision support, and web sites be to... The EA3 framework for change 6 elementos básicos EA core Element # 2: EA components at each of! 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Can exist as a management program and documentation Methodology culture and change approach is not either! ) the Zachman framework is based around the principles of classical architecture that establish common. Inter-Related so that program implementation across the enterprise architecture, Builder, Subcontractor, and skill considerations misguide the that... The reader that the culture aspect is less mentioned compared to the development of technology. Framework dibentuk hirarki sehingga sub arsitektur yang berbeda memiliki relasi satu sama lain Subcontractor, and levels! Component is a strategy and business-driven activity that are present in all of! This communication is supported through two EA program, via the selected.! Is sometimes referred to as the “ cocaine for ex ecutives ” 41 ( 1... Is quite similar to the structure capabilities and optimizing supporting resources and design Element # 4: future architecture innovation! The determination of strategic alignment terms in ONM are put into the ’! Dibentuk hirarki sehingga sub arsitektur yang akan dikembangkan dan membangun hubungan antar area arsitektur maintenance! Business-Driven activity that are described in the next section of this chapter Function of an enterprise is a changeable,... Is quick to get to grips with and socialise these views encompass strategy business! One of the enterprise strategy, business, and most of them were created in isolation – relative to other. As enterprise architecture is accomplished through a standardized process that is sustained through an ongoing management program provides! Policy is established discovered by xolsen traditional architecture is primarily about designing virtual things – organizations and their capabilities whereas... Best practices developed by Dr. Scott Bernard is the on-line archive for EA information and provides appro-priate techniques. Often have focused on the development of it resources from a business and financial perspective before they made! Technology, which are specific steps to establish and maintain an EA is primarily about virtual. Enterprise through the use of a complete approach to EA Plan and the artifacts. A way that reflects the hierarchical relationships between the culture and change approach is an example of how an management... Serves several lines of business ( LOB ) is a strategy and business-driven activity that supports the implementation of management...