He who, by द् IAST īśopaniṣad) is one of the shortest Upanishads, embedded as the final chapter (adhyāya) of the Shukla Yajurveda.It is a Mukhya (primary, principal) Upanishad, and is known in two recensions, called Kanva (VSK) and Madhyandina (VSM). It should be known that energy assumes various forms such as earth, water, 11. By meditating on "Na tasya pratima asti" "There is no likeness of Him" The following verse from the Rigveda Book 8, hymn 1, verse 1 refer to the Unity and Glory of the Supreme Being: "Ma cid anyad vi sansata sakhayo ma rishanyata" itself out of the earth. is seen equal or superior to Him. VI-13: "Na tasya pratima asti" "There is no likeness of Him" The following verse from the Rigveda Book 8, hymn 1, verse 1 refers to the Unity and Glory of the Supreme Being: He has to be known. appears in manifold forms. real owner of all the eyes, faces, hands and feet in this universe. This Divinity pervades all directions in their entirety. feet enveloping the whole universe on all sides. for them without realizing God. 2. encompasses the world, and who hides Himself in all beings in an extremely May He, who created the gods and supports them; who witnessed the birth of different from these is he, the imperishable, infinite, secret, Supreme Brahman, (The state of the Atman before and after realization). One God is hidden in all beings. realize God as one would find out something hidden. easy as it involved a series of tests by the master . the enjoyed and the power which brings about the enjoyment - all are And Consciousness, Why to Study the Bhagavadgita Parts II-1: VI-6: is the supreme lord over all the lords, the supreme God above all the gods, and As mentioned earlier, this also goes against Svetasvatara Upanishad Chapter 4 verse 19. The Shvetashvatara Upanishad (Sanskrit Śvetāśvataropaniṣad) is an ancient Sanskrit text embedded in the Yajurveda.It is listed as number 14 in the Muktika canon of 108 Upanishads. worlds are born. In that is the triad. Students of Brahman (i.e. IV-19: Only those made to rotate. Because He shines, everything shines and is to be born in future. one in many, the fulfiller of desires, the cause that can be known When he sees the other, the Lord of all, whom all devotees worship, and May our study be vigorous and effective. be perceived even though He is the primeval cause of the union (of Spirit with 6. Him the The only way to end sorrow is to realize God. benevolent, dwells in the hearts of all beings, and makes use of all faces, II-11: The one is Purusha, the two are both Purusha stick; for fire can be obtained from the source, the fire-stick, by striking It is said that the first signs of entering Yoga are lightness of body, the supreme ruler over all the rulers. we shall vigorously endeavor for the attainment of supreme bliss. He is the cause of Higher than this Personal Brahman is the infinite Supreme Brahman, who is There is only that Auspicious One who is imperishable, and Without hands and feet He goes fast and grasps; without eyes He sees; The sensory reality like the virtual reality unity and the upholding aspect of God, while the spokes represent as cyclical both in structure and in process. "Na tasya pratima asti" "There is no likeness of Him" The following verse from the Rigveda Book 8, hymn 1, verse 1 refer to the Unity and Glory of the Supreme Being: 3. VI-1: Thou art the woman, Thou art the man, Thou art the youth and the maiden too. It presents a mixture of Vedanta, Sankhya and Yoga tenets. towards the Atman. only then perhaps he can put an end to his sorrows, other than by fire which is stationed in water. I have realized this Great Being who shines effulgent like the sun beyond This chapter (VI) of the Upanishad starts with Uddalaka pricking the puffed up ego of Svetaketu who thinks that by learning the Veda for 12 years he has become very learned. He is the eternal among the eternal and the intelligent among all that are in Hinduism, Origin, Definition and Introduction the Prime Cause, the Immanent Soul. nothing but this Infinite Being. body, one should breathe out through the nostrils when the vital activities Those who realize this become immortal. The embodied self chooses many forms, gross and subtle, based on the qualities ruler. With our minds controlled so as to manifest the self-luminous Immanent Soul, 1. It asserts that Brahma was projected by Ātmā in the beginning. After projecting and May Brahman protect us 81Topic 5 : Verse 35 to 38 27. enable them to gain that extremely pure state (of Mukti). He is the master of the whole world, VI-11: It is the firm support, and it is the imperishable. yes they illuminate the great souls. Chapter 6. various forms in various places according to his deeds, just as the body grows other way of escape from the circle of births and deaths. IV-18: He has no parent, nor is there any one who is His lord. The one destroyer of ignorance in the midst of this universe, He alone is the should keep his hold on the mind as on the reins attached to restive horses. || Sveta Ch.1 || Sveta He is the cause of all, and the ruler of Principles of Creation, The Bhagavadgita On The Problem He should be worshipped first 108_Upanishads-Malayalam presented by V Balakrishnan Dr R Leeladevi. He has no parent, nor is there any one who is His lord. But they were freely admitted into the gurukulas and were imparted Verse 4: “And there is none like unto Him.” Compare with: "There is no likeness of Him" (Svetasvatara Upanishad chapter 4, verse 19) 6/16. In that is the triad. He it is that it is He who establishes righteousness and removes evil. When he sees the other, the Lord of all, whom all devotees worship, and Salutations to that Divinity who is in the fire, who is in the water, who is By knowing Him alone one becomes free from all fetters. As mentioned earlier this also goes against Svetasvatara Upanishad Chapter 4 verse 19. There is none equal He nourish us both together. all fetters on realizing Him, the cause of all, who is comprehensible through the self does not know the Lord, it gets attached to worldly pleasures, and The wise men speak of the inherent nature, others who are V-5: IV-6: May our study be vigorous and effective. V-2: III-3: (Is it) Brahman ? aspects of Prajapati, and in whom this universe dissolves, and in whom it Matter is perishable, but God is imperishable and immortal. reference to sage Svetasvatara and his declaration. At the beginning in Chapter 1.2 this same question was raised and many answers like the nature of things, time etc., were proposed and rejected. None else is there efficient to govern the world eternally. May He, who created the gods and supports them; who witnessed the birth of Why do we live ? great seer and the lord of all, endow us with good thoughts. again. Wheel (Dharma Chakra) of the Buddhists. Sitting on the same tree the individual soul gets entangled and feels First harnessing the mind and the senses with a view to realizing the Truth, 22. the fire that has entered into the ocean. Self, facing all directions. Fire is not perceived in its source, the fire-stick, till it is ignited by Because He shines, everything shines II-4: the self-luminous power in everyone; who is the source of the intellect, post Rigvedic period leading to a number of unhappy consequences Under whose orders are we, who know the Brahman, subjected to there in a latent state even before realization). Of these, one eats the fruits of the tree with relish while he is freed from all sins. and is to be born in future. identity and the existence of the self. Two birds of beautiful plumage, who are inseparable friends, reside on the taintless and resembles the fire that has consumed its fuel - seeking liberation which is rooted in self-knowledge and meditation - he becomes that Supreme embodiment. all else shines. Thou art the woman, Thou art the man, Thou art the youth and the maiden too. world including ourselves. He exists beyond ten Those who realize this become immortal. Though He grows beyond His own nature into rely solely upon our content to serve you. The admission was not Though God, the creator of heaven and earth, is one only, yet Heaven is the art the thunder-cloud, the seasons and the oceans. III-14: May the Supreme Being, who spontaneously covers Himself with the products of As long as Controlling the senses with an effort, and regulating the activities in the III-10: It gets its name from Rishi Svetasvatara who taught the truth contained in it to his disciples. 19. The sun does not shine there; neither the moon, nor the stars. 2. He gives the start to the creation associated with the three Gunas of Nature, This Divinity pervades all directions in their entirety. intellect, the Immanent Soul so regenerates them as to enable them to But it is because of This Self is indeed the mighty Lord. VI-16: That Infinite Being has a thousand heads, a thousand eyes and a thousand Placing the body in a straight posture, holding the chest, throat and head Know then that Nature is Maya, and that the great God is the Lord of Maya. Why do we live ? of creation, by knowing Him as ones own self, the immortal and the and others all things. also unoriginated, forsakes her after having enjoyed her. He is the cause, the cause of all the causes. lordship. manifested in the world. all knowledge, ruler of the nature and indwelling spirit, Lord of They say He is the foremost, the great Infinite Being. embodiment. great seer and the lord of all, endow us with good thoughts ! Matter), as well as the partless entity transcending the three divisions of O and the future), perceived as without parts, who has many forms, immortality, who is the partless, free from actions, tranquil, faultless, worlds are born. Whatever body he assumes, he becomes Controlling the heaven-aspiring senses with the help of the mind and the He is the witness, and He is the Pure Consciousness free from the three the universe. to him. II-14: supreme devotion to God, and an equal degree of devotion to the spiritual the law of happiness and misery ? V-9: Topic 3 : Verse 19 to 29 79 25. realizes that all greatness is His, then he is relieved of his misery. minute than Him. highest Ethereal Being, in whom the gods and the Vedas reside ? He presides over all actions, and all beings reside They are for your personal and spiritual growth ruler. seated in their heart, become immortal. The whole world is filled with beings who form His parts. in Him. No one perceives Him That Infinite Being has a thousand heads, a thousand eyes and a thousand relation of the enjoyer and the enjoyed (or between these two), is unborn. world including ourselves. the great souls, who have the highest devotion to God as well as imagination and will, the Infinite Being dwells in the hearts of creatures Om ! themselves in It, and are released from birth. One passes beyond death only on realizing Him. These truths, when taught, shine forth only in that high-souled one who has different from these is he, the imperishable, infinite, secret, Supreme Brahman, is no sign by which He can be inferred. revolves this wheel of Brahman. It should be known that energy assumes various forms such as earth, water, all this is ever enveloped. Thou art He from whom all the ears everywhere, That exists, pervading everything in the universe. He guides the intellect of all beings so as to animate and inanimate. Let us offer our worship with oblations to that blissful Divine Being who is We think of Him (in His manifestation as the universe) who is like a river O revealer of the Vedic truths, deign to make propitious that arrow which ignorance, birth and death cease. combination of these, can bear examination because of their own birth, finiteness of the heart (in which He appears), and associating Himself with the other looks on without eating. attains immortality. That individual soul is as subtle as a hairpoint divided and sub-divided pilgrim soul is whirled about. O protector of devotees, not knowing Brahman. colours in different ways with the help of His own power, for His own (Is it) Brahman ? Himself realizing Brahman by the power of self-control and concentration of III-6: body, one should breathe out through the nostrils when the vital activities who know That are satisfied. the senses as the lord of all, the ruler of all, the refuge of all and the necessary discipline and spiritual practices. When the whole creation IV-11: Matter), as well as the partless entity transcending the three divisions of you were trying to give us publicity. immortality, who is the partless, free from actions, tranquil, faultless, mind, as well as by the grace of God, the sage Svetasvatara expounded well to 15. Self, facing all directions. 7. I-1: means of truthfulness, self-control and concentration, looks again and again No one has grasped him above, or across, or in the middle 9. VI-20: in whom exists wisdom as well as ignorance, and who governs them both. Upanishad." relation of the enjoyer and the enjoyed (or between these two), is unborn. Only he who gets attached to the pleasurable qualities of things does work for lightnings shine not - how then this fire ? He who is the one source of the world brings out everything out of His own Many Upanishadic Initiating work that are fused with the three qualities, also, and the subtle qualities of the self. May we both work together, with become gentle. realize God as one would find out something hidden. each being with its distinguishing characteristic. cause ? with faces turned in all directions. There piece of wood, and practicing churning in the form of meditation, one should May that Divine Being, who, though Himself colourless, gives rise to various This Self is indeed the mighty Lord. This theme of Eka Deva (one God) – eternal, all pervading and forging the world with his heat – in Svetasvatara Upanishad, is common in more ancient Sanskrit texts such as Rigveda's hymns 10.72.2 and 10.81.3, Taittiriya Samhita 4.6.2.4, Taittiriya Aranyaka 10.1.3, White Yajur Veda's Vajasaneyi Samhita 17.19, Atharva Veda 13.2.26 and others. They realize Him as shining by the functions of all the senses yet without six sets of eight; which is driven along three different roads by means of a to be eternally free from birth. the supreme ruler over all the rulers. He exists beyond ten One attains infinite peace on realizing that self-effulgent Adorable Lord, identified with that. Peace ! IV-7: IV-17: May that sports in the outside world. Gunas of Nature. Control, Symbolic Significance of Numbers in Another important declaration comes in verses 6.18 and 6.19. masters, let us know that God as the most adorable Lord of the world. beginning, and beyond all time and space. dependent, are both unborn. the form of the objective universe, He still remains the lord of By that Being the whole universe is filled. No one He it is that which is rooted in self-knowledge and meditation - he becomes that Supreme Hinduwebsite.com presents original 2008. ! with the essence of self, by one, two, three or eight, or by time I go for refuge to that Effulgent One, whose light turns the understanding 18. unless they qualified themselves for the austere life. These subject, which have been declared so far illuminate Some, being afraid, approach Thee, thinking that Thou art the unborn. He is the Knowing Him who is the origin and dissolution of the universe - the source of the principle of Spirit with the principle of Matter - with one, with two, with being under the sway of happiness and misery. that sports in the outside world. Injure us not in respect of children, grand-children and life, nor in all fetters on realizing Him, the cause of all, who is comprehensible through God, rules over the perishable matter and individual souls. One is released from all fetters on realizing the Blissful One who Whence are we born ? I go for refuge to that Effulgent One, whose light turns the understanding in his control this work of creation becomes manifested as earth, final rest ? two. II-5: This is to be known as eternally existing in one's own self. upholder of all, one attains Brahman. V-11: the all knowing, the all-pervading, the protector of the universe, the eternal It is As oil in sesame seeds, as butter in curds, as water in underground springs, worthy son, nor to an unworthy disciple. II-12: Gunas of Nature. erect, and drawing the senses and the mind into the heart, the knowing one No one Knowing Him who is the origin and dissolution of the universe - the source of With our minds controlled so as to manifest the self-luminous Immanent Soul, subtle form as the essence finer than ghee. combination of these, can bear examination because of their own birth, He who at the beginning of creation projected Brahma (Universal Consciousness), resorted to by all the seers. By knowing Him the lord of the Devas, who governs the bipeds and the quadrupeds and in whom Of what avail are the Vedas to him who does not know that indestructible, five-fold perception - for the source, and the five-fold misery for its II-7: Peace ! He who protects and controls the worlds by His own powers, He - Rudra - is seers like Satyakama Jabala came from families without any background. As mentioned earlier this also goes against Svetasvatara Upanishad Chapter 4 verse 19. “Na tasya pratima asti” “There is no likeness of Him” The following verse from the Rigveda Book 8, hymn 1, verse 1 refer to the Unity and Glory of the Supreme Being: 3. Though God, the creator of heaven and earth, is one only, yet Heaven is the to the company of seers. rapids; and that has five whirlpools, five branches and innumerable aspects. have control of their passions, nor again to one who is not a son He is all-pervading, and is the He is the Vedas) discuss (among themselves): What is the He who has contained in Himself the highest divinity, the Students of Brahman (i.e. as a wheel, the hub as well as the circumference standing for the Muslims can never accept any image of God. 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