Add concrete mix to the post holes. Choose post spacing size properly. Use a post level to make sure the post is plumb and then add braces to hold it in place. Learn. With modern advancements in fence materials and fence design: You can build an awesome looking privacy fence easier than you can build the old traditional wooden fence. Before you learn how to build a wire fence, carefully plan and mark the location of the fence posts and gate. Some additional support boards had to be added and a lot of boring out holes with spade bits and careful routing were required. When you install the gate, you'll fasten the hinges to these support boards. This easy to follow guide will show you what you need to build a fence, the different styles that can be created and the two important things to check before you begin building… Follow these five steps to dig your post holes and set the fence posts. There are a couple of ways to keep them at the correct height. The hinges were carefully positioned as desired and the locations for the screws were marked and pre-drilled. The gate was made from common framing lumber (2x4s), and it's holding up great to this day. The worst thing to do would be to not think through the location and weigh all possible considerations, and then build a fence in a place where you end up not liking it! 5 months ago. Run a string across several posts at the correct height to quickly mark the rail locations. For example, with posts spaced about 8 feet apart, use 16-foot boards as the top and bottom rail to span three posts. Use a string attached to the adjacent fence runs as a guide to position the pickets. If your pickets have a dog ear at the top, mark a new dog ear with a speed square and cut with a jigsaw. $300. This is a character-driven design and one of the great things about … Galvanized posts like you show in the photo would have been much better, and equal work. First major wet period will cause the posts to swell, and your concrete will crack. Anyway, the needed moisture comes from the surrounding soil and gets superstrong. In general, posts for wooden fences should not be more than 8 feet apart, both to prevent sagging and to take advantage of common-length lumber. You might also need to remove an old fence prior to starting. Darla is an incredibly sweet basset hound that needs a closed yard to keep her safe from her olfactory wanderlust. The final picket at a corner should be flush with the rail ends. Our local stores do not honor online pricing. I got an old sewing machine when I was just a kid, and I've been making stuff …, Altair - a Tripod Mounted Refracting Telescope. Use blocks or brackets for rails that are used on the posts' bodies. Reply The strips are nailed to two or more supporting rails at the rear of the panel. In my case, I knew where the sprinkler lines were and avoided them. The gate was propped into position and clamped in place with a few paint stirrers acting as temporary shims to provide a little stand-off on the hinge side. I'll update it! 1 year ago. As you reach the end of your fence, cut the final rails to fit as needed. Link to Lowe's Home Improvement Home Page, Step 1: Mark the Rail Locations on the Posts, Wood Fence Tips: Installing Posts, Rails and Pickets, 4-in x 4-in Pressure-Treated Posts (Actual: 3-1/2-in x 3-1/2-in, 2-in x 4-in Pressure-Treated Lumber (Actual: 1-1/2-in x 3-1/2-in), 1-in x 4-in Furring Strips (Actual: 0.718-in x 3.437-in), Fence Pickets (Pressure Treated or Cedar), Fasteners for Pickets (Nails, Screws or Staples). We always set the gate posts and corner posts with concrete so over time the fence … For sloped areas, you can mark three to four posts at a time. A fence built in this manner will withstand gusty winds and if it is treated with water-repellent coating, should … For more on batter boards, watch Making and Using Batter Boards. On slopes, be sure to split the difference in height of the adjacent outside pickets. The next step for building a fence is to attach rails at both the top and the model. Fast-set concrete mix cures quickly, so you'll have to make sure your posts are set in the right place before mixing. Periodically use a level to make sure the pickets are plumb. With the posts cemented in position, I removed the supports and trimmed the post tops so they were all level with each other. Errors will be corrected where discovered, and Lowe's reserves the right to revoke any stated offer and to correct any errors, inaccuracies or omissions including after an order has been submitted. The remaining slats were added to complete the side sections, and the fence was done. Please ignore the nasty dead grass in some of the photos - the plan is to tear it out put in a paver walkway surrounded by gravel, which I may or may not get to this decade. Begin by installing the pickets on the exterior side of the fence. : ). I am a bit confused as to which diagonal is the main one that is flush with the front of the fence vs the other one which helps with the warping? Your fence will follow the contour of the ground more closely. If you have buried utilities where you live, you need to call the buried utility authority and have them come out and mark any buried lines, and then follow any guidelines they provide regarding excavation. And I filled out forms for a permit, but had the fee waived which was great. Consider gate hardware. Measure and cut a middle rail to run between the vertical gate rails. This will keep the gate square and prevent sagging. Cross pieces were added with exterior grade screws. Now's a good time to check the gate's swing clearance. You'll need an extra set of hands for this project. After more alternating wet and dry periods, the posts will rot at the ground line. Read more about pressure-treated lumber and wood preservatives. Keep your tape measure level for accurate spacing. Fill the bottom of the first hole with about 6 inches of dry concrete mix. Follow the manufacturer's instructions for mixing. While pre-assembled wood fence panels make installation faster, a component-built fence follows the contours of your yard better. Trim the other rail ends flush with the posts. When drilling your holes, remember that about 1/3 of your post will be under ground, and that the lower rail should be about 1 foot above ground level. Creating a spacer will help maintain a consistant gap between the pickets as you attach them to the rails. 2 Days. A spacer will simplify the installation of the remaining pickets. Did you make this project? I would think that the dry mix would get wet and harden unevenly, creating pockets of dry mix that never harden, thus a weaker structure. For the middle rail, use an 8-foot board across two posts. Indicate the locations for the lower edges of the top rails and the upper edges of the bottom rails to make it easier to see the marks when you position the rails. If you're working next to the house, make sure the rails extend to the house so the pickets will provide full coverage. Place the batter boards just beyond where your fence corners will be located and run strings between them. If you're looking for some privacy fence ideas, here are step-by-step instructions for laying out and building a DIY shadowbox wood fence. It allows for wood changes, and makes post removal a heck of a lot easier (lighter) should that become a necessity.Better living thru technology! Good luck on yours! Mason’s line is a good choice because it is strong and flexible enough to be pulled tightly. Concrete was then added to these holes. So double check the rules prior to building. Make. You can choose between regular-set and fast-set options. How To Build A Fence Without Building A Fence. Place a picket on the first post, with the bottom approximately 1" above the ground. Run the string line to represent either the outside or inside perimeter of the fence. You may build a 6-ft. high privacy fence only to find that the next-door neighbors can easily see over when they’re lounging on their deck. The Prefab Fence. Codes may also specify post hole requirements. This is what I did. It is a moderately easy job. One of the keys to installing fence pickets is keeping the tops at a uniform height. The hardware keeps the gate square and prevents sagging over time. Each set attaches differently, and you'll need to take that into account for gate post spacing. Reply To learn more about different types of fencing, see our Fence Materials Guide. You should be made aware with the instructions on how to build a welded wire fence or barbed one before you start working. Building a fence is the easiest way to give your property some extra safety, security and privacy from the road or your neighbours. Metal or chain-link fencing costs $15 to $50 per linear foot to install with most … A job which will be easier much with the angle iron in pace. Home supply stores now sell a quickcrete brand set foam, for ~$12.50. Remember to let the rails extend all the way to the house. Typical spacing is between 6 feet and 8 feet on center (from the center of one post to the center of the next). Take down your batter boards and strings. Pressure-treated lumber should be stained or painted every few years. 5 months ago The rail locations don't have to be exact, but set them close together for the best appearance. Hang the spacer on the top rail, against a corner picket. Again, this is just a common style I picked up from Home Depot. it is near the quickcrete, but on a shelf in a gallon size square pouch. Follow these five steps to install the fence rails. Install the post-side portion of the latch to the appropriate post or board. The Costs of Fence Construction . Making the gate frame, you're screwing into end grain. Cut and attach the piece if needed, and take it into account when measuring for the gate rails. These help you align the posts properly. Removing Fence Posts. After a few days I removed the 2x4 supports. I don't recall putting any kind of finish on any of the wood. How do you know how strong it gets? Determine a layout that'll allow you to use full pickets at the corners. Metal & Chain Link. If you’re looking to build your own dog fence, then the first two options aren’t … As a first step, you have to map out a plan of posts locations and then measure where the posts have to be placed on your land parcel. Use exterior-grade fasteners rated for pressure-treated lumber. Did you stain or paint the common framing lumber? Before beginning any excavation, call 811 to check for underground utilities. This process works best in areas where the slope doesn't change much. A classic look that suits the house, which was built in 1854. Measure between the top and bottom rail locations to determine the placement of the middle rail. Lots of great points and things people need to consider; thank you for adding to the conversation. Cut the excess from the bottom. Wash your hands after working with treated wood. 4 Materials. 5 months ago. I used a belt sander to remove just enough material from the gate frame to allow for proper clearance. Reset your layout lines using the marks you made earlier on the batter boards. The upper edge of the bottom rails should be about 9-1/2 inches above the ground. If you read my last Lockwood reno post you will know that when we moved into our house it was surrounded by trees. After utilities were marked, I carefully laid out where I wanted my fence posts, and spray painted their locations on the ground. Cut two vertical gate rails to length. If the contour of the ground immediately below a picket makes the picket too tall, turn it bottom-end up and mark at the correct height. Consider if you want a 4 ft fence, a 6 ft fence or an 8 ft fence. Starting with corner or end posts, use your auger to dig a hole 6”-12” in diameter and 24 to 36” deep. I grew up working with my hands building fence. My concern would be that it may start to warp or deteriorate since it is exposed to the elements, whereas cedar, although considerably more $ may not? anchor 3x3x1/4 angle iron in the concrete and bolting the posts to them keeping them completely above ground. To securely set the posts, fill the bottom of your hole with a layer of gravel and place the … Line up the gate-side elements and attach them to the gate with screws. and the slats are cedar, however what is the frame of the gate made of? Obviously I am a novice, so Thank you for the information. In areas with a significant slope, use shorter rails rather than spanning several posts with long rails. Cement powder is hydrophilic. The slats will cover the difference. The diagonal between these points should be 5 feet. In this tutorial, we’re going to show you how to build your very own picket fence. I'm forced to conclude that "professional" means he was from [nearby large town], and (2) he has a nailgun. Alternatively, you can use a table saw to rip the picket — cut along its length — to the correct width. Overlap the outside pickets by 1 inch on each side. Although it's possible I had some extra deck sealant and sprayed it all down with that (like "Thompsons WaterSeal" brand but honestly I can't recall). Measure the horizontal distance between gate posts and subtract the space needed for the thickness of the hinges and latch. Detailed Instructions on Building a Wire Fence. If the area is relatively level, you can span more posts. Attach a short block of 2 by 4 to the back of a longer, straight 2 by 4. Not sure about that either? Use a jigsaw to cut the pickets to fit around posts as needed. Continue installing pickets along the run, spacing them 3-1/2 inches apart. Dry Stone Wall. on Step 14. On very short runs, you may need to adjust the spacing to use full pickets. I live in a desert region, and 4x4 PT posts in concrete seem to be pretty common without any trouble. Keep the strings 6 inches away from your property line. When building a wood fence, you’ll need to determine what lumber and hardware you need and how much of each.For most wood fences you need posts, rails, pickets, and nails or screws. Use string and batter boards to lay out the fence. Cut all of your wood before you go any farther. According to data from Home Advisor, the average cost to build a fence is anywhere from $1,663 to over $4,000, with the average sitting around $2,800. Question Install with screws. When building a fence gate, you'll need a gate hardware kit. I'd recommend removing old posts using a hi-lift jack. As this fence was to be built across a narrow side-yard (rather than along a property line), I actually had several choices of where exactly to build it. Attach the rails to the posts. The worst thing to do would be to not think through the location and weigh all possible considerations, and then build a fence in a … You simply break the inner catalyst, squish it around for a few minutes then pour it around the post base in your post hole. Good question, sorry I didn't mention it in the project itself. on Step 14, You didn’t specify what wood you used... I’m guessing 4x4 for uprights and what for the horizontal slats, Answer If your gate will be over level ground, you can install the pickets before hanging the gate. As you turn a corner, be sure the edge of the first picket in the new run is flush with the face of the last picket in the previous run. Dispose of sawdust and waste according to local regulations. It is what our PA utility poles are now installed with. With the two end posts in place, I screwed a 10-foot board across the span and used this to position the interior posts and mark their precise locations. Set each picket on the board as you're installing along the slope. Secure the boards to the posts with screws. As you get close to corners, adjust the spacing of the pickets as necessary to make them fit. But in a normal situation, this board would not be needed - you'd only need the one showing behind, that angles down toward the lower hinge (hinge is hidden in that photo as it is on the other side of the fence). At the end of a run, install the rails flush with the edge of the corner post. Got it!! Use string and batter boards to lay out the fence. While at the same time – increasing the value of your home. Cut the post tops flush with the top rails. Don't use pressure-treated wood as mulch. The space between the pickets will be 3-1/2 inches. Rails running along the fence should butt together at the middle of the posts. Install the next picket flush against the spacer to get the proper 3-1/2-inch spacing and to keep the picket plumb. Make sure the lower rail is a minimum of 2 inches from the ground. This shadowbox fence has pickets alternating on each side, offering some privacy but allowing you to look through the fence at an angle. To square corners, measure 3 feet along one string and 4 feet along the adjacent string. The instructions below show you how to build a DIY privacy fence. With the gate in position I was ready to start adding fence slats over which I'll install the hinges and other hardware later on. On short runs, rip-cut the pickets as necessary. Frost lines vary by region. Follow the product manufacturer’s guidelines for preparation and application. Use graph paper to draw a plan for your fence. Use stakes or marking paint. Check local codes and homeowners association guidelines that might govern fence style, size and placement. A diagonal cross brace was then added. Building a fence can give privacy and security to your home. To build a picket fence, you can either purchase the fence panels which come with the rails or purchase the pickets and rails separately. To speed up the building process, make sure all the rails are in position before starting to attach the pickets. I live in a fairly dry climate so wood fences like this turn gray in a few years, and then just last until they're deemed too ugly and someone tears them down. The center points of the post holes should be about 1/2 the width of the post away from the strings, not directly under them. You may also need gate hardware, post caps, stain or paint, lighting, or … If not, adjust the strings on the batter boards. Depending on the hardware, you may need to make small miter cuts at the corners of the gate rails to allow for welds. 1 year ago, The posts are 4x4 pressure treated beams, and the slats are cedar fence slats. Let’s say you’d like a perimeter fence, but you aren’t confident in building your … wow, nice job! I do not like the industries treatment process of 4x4 posts. Check the requirements for your hardware. Use string or a 2 by 4 as you did on the outside pickets to maintain the correct height. You got me wondering why, so I went to other websites and saw the same thing. Measure and rip-cut the final picket as necessary to fit and maintain proper spacing. I'm not going to build a new fence, but wanted to see if I could learn something. Prices, Promotions, styles, and availability may vary. If you are planning to paint your picket fence, do the steps before you start installing it. Plan gate post locations. Don't secure it to the end of the fence rail. Set a 2 by 4 on its face to use it as a 1-1/2-inch guide along the bottom. We don't have the luxury of time: we finish the same day we start. After a bit of fine tuning I had a handle and latch in place and working properly. Plan your gate size to use full pickets. For this fence, the bottom of the pickets will be about 1-1/2 inches above the ground. We get a … This is okay for positioning lumber but never count on such a joint. But metal posts are definitely a good long-term choice, especially in a climate as you describe. Reply Material cost is an estimate for fence pickets, posts, and cross-rails (stringers)and does not include building materials such as gates, cement, fasteners, rental equipment, etc. This method is helpful in areas where the slope is uneven and changes frequently. If you're working on a slope, follow the steps below to get the best placement for the pickets. These are just basic Home Depot gate hinges which come with lag screws for installation. I like what my father did to allow untreated posts. I love your thoughts in the design process. Share it with us! For fence posts, some will need holes straight through for the straight sections of your fence. You’ll also need 2 end posts with holes only in one side, and corner posts with holes that DON’T go all the way through, but instead are set so the rails can come off at two different angles. You'll reattach them before you set the posts. Chain A fence can improve your home's curb appeal, provide security, increase privacy, and offer protection from the elements. Dig the holes to size. At your gate posts, cut 2 by 4s to fit between the rails. Use the 2-by-4 method above to position it at the correct height. Find a helper. This is where building a fence gets exciting. For holes next to the house, use a shovel, post hole digger and digging bar. Make sure the fence provides the privacy you want as you learn how to build a fence. Set the first post, and after leveling and securing it, mark a … Drill pilot holes in the ends of boards to prevent splitting when you nail or screw them together. I mixed and added concrete to the post holes. Use wood rated for ground contact when necessary for the project. It took about a half hour to remove all of them. Line up the tops of the remaining pickets with the string, and don't push on the string while installing. Medium. Why not make the gate frame another 1/4 inch smaller than the opening? This fence was made specifically with her in mind, but is part of a much larger full makeover of my yard. Which one goes in first? Here are our top tips for planning, designing, and building a fence for your home. I used cedar fence slats and do not plan to finish them in any way. I build ramps for homes with wheelchair users (as a volunteer) and we found, to our surprise, we're better off dumping and tamping dry concrete mix in the holes around the 4x4s than mixing it with water. Cut two horizontal gate rails to length. Construct the frame with screws. * Wood fencing material cost is based on the national average for 6′-0 high wood fencing (material only). Some towns might require this plan for an approved building permit. Hold the frame in place and mark the holes for hinges. The rails for the next run should overlap these rail ends and be flush with the rail faces. Due to the natural movement of wood and to help the gate always close all the way without binding, it's good to leave a little gap on the hinge side rather than install the hinges with the gate and post mashed up against each other. I tied a string across the top of the fence to indicate where I wanted the tops of the slats to be. This can reasonably be checked and adjusted before you actually install the gate, but I knew it was going to be really close so I just waited till after it was fastened in place. Go dig out some old fenceposts. I took advantage of the short length of this fence to aid in getting all of the posts perfectly inline. The first section of fence I had to remove had 8 posts. Save some to top off the post holes once the concrete sets. However, if they show any signs of weakening I will certainly add blocks as you suggest; that's a very good tip, thanks! Place the batter boards just beyond where your fence corners will be located and run strings between them. This instructable covers how I built a simple wooden fence with locking gate. Plumb the first picket in a run with a level and position it at the correct height. I will send pictures when finished!! 2. See our Nailer/Nail Gun Buying Guide to learn about selecting and using a nailer. Let me see if I can clarify.Under normal circumstances you will only need one angled brace for a gate like this, the bottom of which should sit next to the bottom hinge, and this brace should ideally keep the gate from sagging over time.In my case I added an extra board to deal with a specific issue with the gate I had built. Some additional boards were added to the gate and fence posts as needed to hold the hinges I was using. 1 year ago As this fence was to be built across a narrow side-yard (rather than along a property line), I actually had several choices of where exactly to build it. Nice job. Product costs, availability and item numbers may vary online or by market. All the hard work is mostly done! This was done with stakes and screws, as shown in the photos. Wait a few months before staining or painting to allow the lumber to dry completely. But before you start building a fence, there are a few things you should know first. Question Don't attach the hinges to the end grain of the fence rails. Measure the distance between the top and bottom fence rails, accounting for the horizontal gate rails, and if needed, the thickness of the brackets. Looks solid enough, but setting wooden posts in concrete is a bad idea. The strings mark the outside faces of the posts. I dug the holes for my end posts first, and then used scrap 2x4 boards to temporarily anchor them in perfectly plumb position. Once it's mixed with water it gets like soup and the post can float around, but if dry, it just sits there. For batter boards next to the house, transfer the string locations to the house in case you need to remove the batter board to dig. Step 6 - Join the Posts Wooden Do it Yourself Fences. If you have short runs, such as next to the house or around gates, measure and cut the rails to fit. The hardware for the gate on this fence required an additional built-out piece on the latch-side gate post. The strings help you line up the posts. My gate ended up with a slight warp, so a second brace was added to counteract the warp. Dry stone is another ancient method for building standalone or retaining walls from … Diagonal cross-braces like this should always angle downward to the lower hinge. Regular-set concrete mix takes a little longer to cure but is less expensive than fast-setting mix and allows time for adjustments. The slats were cut individually as needed and installed with exterior grade deck screws. Pickets may have a slight green color from the treatment process, but it'll fade over time. Building A Traditional Picket Fence How to properly set fence posts and build a rail and picket fence. I finally saw that this puts the compression load from the brace into the gate hinge, rather than into thin air--like on the sagging gate into my back yard. Fit around posts as needed I built a simple wooden fence with locking gate the ends boards! This shadowbox fence has pickets alternating on each side, offering some privacy but allowing you to it! At a corner picket wood and metal is an incredibly sweet basset hound that needs a closed yard to the! A couple of ways to keep the picket plumb fifty feet, posts... Bound up just a common style I picked up from home Depot gate hinges which come with lag for. Of the middle be over level ground, you can span more posts top for... Then nail it in place and working properly your … Pallet Dog Fences the contours of your will... You got me wondering why, so a second brace was added to complete the sections... Their locations on the latch-side gate post spacing you go any farther boards as the and! Been much better, and discuss your plans with neighbors along your proposed fence line will follow how to build a fence while... Was built in 1854 it comes to the lower hinge. `` for more batter! Can span more posts lumber but never count on such a joint choice because it strong! Rails at both the top and bottom rail locations do n't recall putting any of... Planning to paint your picket fence set attaches differently, and tap a nail into the top and the added... I do n't have to be added and a lot on what type of latch system 're! 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Account for gate post spacing property some extra safety, security and privacy from the treatment process of posts! Along its length — to the end of a longer, straight 2 by 4s to fit lines using marks... Elements and attach them to the adjacent fence runs as a guide short block of 2 from. Inch on each side uneven, use a string across several posts at a,... A novice, so you 'll need a building permit posts were plumbed and in! The value of your fence will follow the product manufacturer ’ s guidelines for and. €“ increasing the value of your fence made aware with the inside of the keys to installing fence pickets keeping... If not, adjust the strings because this will make digging post holes easier 1/4 inch smaller the! When necessary for the next run should overlap these rail ends dry completely,!, you 're working next to the post tops so they were level. The gate rails between the vertical gate rails after establishing the post tops flush with the were. 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In my case, I carefully laid out where I wanted my gate, may! The slope is uneven and changes frequently a lot of boring out holes with slight! Beautify your backyard size square pouch areas where the sprinkler lines were and avoided.... Fence gate, you 'll fasten the hinges and latch paint the common framing lumber ( 2x4s ) and... To build your fence corners will be located and run strings between them using the marks you made earlier the! The grass posts cemented in position with supports miter cuts at the correct height string and. Your concrete will crack look that suits the house or around gates, measure and cut a rail... Use shorter rails rather than spanning several posts with two screws at each rail Fences ultimately turn turn... The posts fence rail pneumatic stapler or drill, driving two fasteners at each.... Our neighbours said our house looked like a perimeter fence, the posts with two screws each. Fee waived which was 36 inches the water a tight fit and maintain proper spacing a significant slope follow! Your picket fence middle rail to run between the pickets as you 're screwing into end grain at! About selecting and using a hi-lift jack same steps to set the rest of your fence a bad idea a! House, use a table saw to rip the picket plumb like a perimeter fence, a component-built fence the! I know we use it reliably building wheelchair ramps etc both the top of each.... Fence/Gate that I am building full coverage individually as needed and installed with exterior grade deck screws string... If not, adjust the spacing of the short length of this fence, the needed moisture comes the... And offering complete privacy moved into our house looked like a perimeter fence, component-built... Proper spacing fence rails below show you how to build a new fence, the posts to them them! Block of 2 inches from the ground of boring out holes with a tapered, countersinking bit and a..., however what is the easiest way to beautify your backyard blocks or brackets for rails that are on... Such a joint your neighbours is keeping the tops at a time fence corners will be easier with... Turn gray and keep standing until someone takes them down additional built-out on... Holes straight through for the information product manufacturer ’ s guidelines for and! Understand the posts to swell, and discuss your plans with neighbors along proposed. Use shorter rails rather than spanning several posts at a uniform height the difference in height of latch! And becomes a firm solid, turning a dark brown color in about 15 mins darla is an incredibly basset! Hardware for the gate before mixing height of the fence the distances posts... My last Lockwood reno post you will know that when we moved into our it! A corner picket subject to change without notice about a half hour remove! Style, size and placement is pretty dry so Fences ultimately turn turn! Should be flush with the posts were carefully positioned as desired and the fence can span more posts others... And do not like the industries how to build a fence process, make sure the pickets on the are... Each side, offering some privacy but allowing you to look through the to... Board is the easiest way to the lower hinge. `` is strong flexible. Tops flush with the rail joints on different posts to add stability butt together at the end of your better. Your backyard to be your proposed fence line fence pickets is keeping the at... Strings on the outside pickets, begin installing the outside pickets to the! The information up to what you need and want old posts using a hi-lift jack reach end. More supporting rails at both the top rails planning, use a post on the batter boards corner or posts. Middle rail, use a short 2-by-4 board across two posts bit of fine tuning had...