Lowland - only three distilleries remain in operations which are Auchentosh… Sláinte, © 2020 Forbes Media LLC. As the spirit has spread across the world, distillers use the whisky vs whiskey debate on a more regional basis, depending on their history and where they draw inspiration from. Where the original variation in spelling came from is still a matter of debate. At the time, Ireland was the center of the world’s whisky production. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Whisky – without the E – is usually used to identify Scotch Whiskies. ... a 140 proof spirit called "plain British spirit" is pumped into oak casks and is aged for at least three years. A popular explanation is: “All bourbon is whiskey, but not all whiskey is bourbon.” In other words, bourbon is a specific type of whiskey—American, to be exact. In Scotland it is spelled without an 'e', in Ireland it is spelled with an 'e'. Whiskey vs. whisky The difference between whiskey and whisky is simple but important: whisky usually denotes Scotch whisky and Scotch-inspired liquors, and whiskey denotes the Irish and American liquors. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Is it whiskey or whisky? Early 18th century abbreviation of obsolete whiskybae, variant of … A number of single malts can be aged for 20 or 30 years. Using the incorrect form of the word whiskey is a mistake that will largely pass unnoticed unless you count liquor aficionados among your readers. The Japanese spelling is whisky as it was two men’s study of Scotch whisky that inspired the Japanese whisky movement. Today Dunville's Whiskey is produced by the Echlinville distillery in Northern Ireland. Whisky – without the E – is usually used to identify Scotch Whiskies. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. The four distillers had a combined capacity of around 5 million gallons of whiskey a year. In response, the big four Irish distillers banded together to produce a book in 1879, denouncing the use of grain whisky in blends; arguing that such blends “cannot be whisky, and it ought not to be sold under that name.” Significantly, the book, titled Truths About Whisky, spelled whisky without an e. The issue was eventually settled by the 1908 Royal Commission on Whiskey and other Potable Spirits. Your email address will not be published. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. So, both ‘whiskey’ and ‘whisky’ prevailed. Required fields are marked *. Because Scotch ages in a cool, wet environment, more moisture makes it less alcoholic. As spelling mistakes go, you can do a lot worse than mixing up whisky and whiskey.Spelling mistakes can be embarrassing and funny, and there are always those that can get you into trouble. In the U.S. many malt whiskeys (especially those labeled “single malt”) are made with 100% malted barley as well. Since Irish whiskey was more popular, was considered by many to be of a higher quality than Scotch whisky and sold at a roughly 25% premium, many American distillers, tried to associate their products with Irish whiskey and adopted the Irish spelling. That’s probably the most important application of the humble letter “e” ever. The reality, however, is far more complex. The act allowed whisky blenders, for the first time, to create blends consisting of grain whisky and single malts. Scotland has more than 100 distilleries and some of them have similar flavor profiles to the distilleries in Ireland. In addition to having the same basic formula—grain slowly fermented in barrels—whiskey and scotch are both distilled between 40 and 90% alcohol by volume. Scotch whisky vs. American whiskey in the 21st century. Royal Irish Distillers in Belfast had a capacity of 2.5 million gallons of whiskey a year. There are any number of theories to explain the alternative spelling of whiskies, from differing translations of uisge beatha, the original name for whisky, between Irish and Scotch Gaelic to myopic typesetters or personal taste. The rest of the world is free to pick and choose either spelling, with the US predominantly, but not exclusively, choosing whiskey while the rest of the world usually opts for whisky, reflecting the greater current popularity of Scotch whisky vs our celtic cousins. It’s a simple way of denoting the country of origin of the whisky/whiskey just by the name and spelling. Today the Tyrconnell brand is owned by Cooley Distillery, a subsidiary of Beam-Suntory. Input your search keywords and press Enter. In the 19th century, most of the world spelled whisky without an e. Even the major Irish distillers, then the world's biggest, followed the practice, as did many American distillers. By the late 19th century, 40% of Dublin’s work force was employed by the distilling and brewing industry and their related suppliers. Well, that depends on the country of origin. The commission issued a report the following year where it concluded that blended whisky could still be called whisky. This is a list of whisky brands arranged by country of origin and style.Whisky (or whiskey) is a type of distilled alcoholic beverage made from fermented grain mash.Different grains are used for different varieties, including barley, malted barley, rye, malted rye, wheat, and corn.Whisky is typically aged in wooden casks, made generally of charred white oak In this, issues with whisky were brought up and discussed. Some distilleries do like to use the ‘Scottish’ version – see Maker’s Mark. Whisky Whisky. Where It’s From. The practice of spelling whiskey with an e stuck, even after Irish whiskey sales declined. The use of similar casks is sure to give similar flavors to two separate malts. The distilleries in both Ireland and Scotland use oak casks while preparing whiskey and whisky. American whiskey is whiskey (a distilled beverage produced from a fermented mash of cereal grain) produced in the United States.The primary types of American whiskey are bourbon whiskey, rye whiskey, rye malt whiskey, malt whiskey, wheat whiskey, Tennessee whiskey, and corn whiskey.All of these are made from mashes with at least 51% of their named grains. This is why we see the inclusion of the letter E in some of the names of our favorite Irish and Bourbon Whiskeys. Most manufacturers use oak wood, which is sure to have a huge impact on the final flavor of both whiskey and whisky. In 1860, the Gladstone government passed the Spirits Act. Most of the rest of the world has followed suit. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Interestingly, the Commission spelled whiskey in the title of their report with an e but the official report that the British government submitted to parliament spelled whisky without an e. Over the course of the late 19th century, many of the big Irish distillers began to spell whiskey with an e in order to differentiate their whiskey from its Scottish competitors. But then the dictionaries go their separate ways. A 19th century advertisement for Cork Distilleries. They also spelled whisky without the ‘e.’ Dublin had six distillers, four of which, John Jameson, William Jameson, John Power and George Roe, dominated the trade. The American spelling of whisky went through a similar evolution. These cookies do not store any personal information. American whiskey comes in many forms. Nikka Coffey Malt. During the 19th century, most American distillers spelled whisky without an e. In the late 19th century and the early part of the 20th century, Irish whiskey was second only to Canadian whisky as the best-selling whiskey in the US. Bourbon, the most recognized type of American whiskey, can be produced only in the United States, but—contrary to popular belief—does not have to be produced in Kentucky, though most of it is. You may opt-out by. The significance of the letter “e” when it comes to Whisky/Whiskey. Whether spelled with an e or without, it remains one of the world’s favorite drinks. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Despite the difference in spelling and method of production, Scotch Whisky and Irish Whiskey do share a few similarities. Derry’s Watts Distillery, where the Tyrconnell brand of whiskey was produced, had a capacity of 2 million gallons. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Bourbon is an American spirit as 95 percent of the world’s supply is from the United States, specifically from Kentucky. Whiskey – with the E – is usually used by Irish and American whiskey producers. ... British_Azimio Paddy, at the time a regional whisky brand in Cork, didn’t switch to the Irish spelling of whiskey until the 1960s. Whisky or whisky-like products are produced in most grain-growing areas. For many years the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (BATF) used the historic spelling of whisky, although it now uses the American spelling in public communications. Up until recently, The New York Times tackled this problem by spelling everything the American way (with an E), regardless of the spirit’s country of origin. Fun Fact: Maker’s Mark chooses the Scottish way to spell whisky, even though it’s an all-American bourbon through and through. So, now let us delve deep into Irish whiskey vs Scottish Whisky. The American spelling is whiskey most likely due to the large number of Irish immigrants setting up their stills throughout the US. But the difference between bourbon vs. whiskey is a little more complicated than that. Whisky produced in India is sans the E in the name as we gained the influence of the British. The real whisky vs whiskey difference thus is geographical in nature. Making things even more complicated, some of the smaller distillers had never abandoned spelling whiskey with an e. A bottle of Paddy Irish Whisky with historic packaging. This probably arose due to the translation of the word for Whisky from the Scottish and Irish Gaelic forms ‘uisge beatha’, or ‘usquebaugh’ which then become short as usque and eventually evolved into Whisky/Whiskey. Many existing US laws, however, still preserve the historic, i.e., 19th century spelling of whisky. In Scotland, they make Scotch “whisky” (plural “whiskies”), but in Ireland they make Irish “whiskey” (plural “whiskeys”). It’s then diluted to between 40 and 60% ABV before bottling. Blending grain whisky and single malts allowed Scotch whisky blenders to create a style of whisky that was very similar to Irish whiskeys but cheaper to produce. Irish whiskey was the most popular in the world, even out selling its Scottish rivals in England and Scotland. For instance, only Scotch is from Scotland, Irish whiskey is from the Republic of Ireland or Northern Ireland, and Tennessee whiskey is usually made in Tennessee. A 19th century sign for Dunville's Whisky. American Whiskey vs. Scotch vs. Irish Whiskey vs. Canadian Whiskey ... My favourite is the Laphroaig 10 yo single islay malt scotch whisky. Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own. In fact, oak wood has an impact on about 70 percent of the end flavor of the liquid. They differ in base product, alcoholic content, and quality.Many countries like America, Australia, Canada, Denmark, England, Finland, Germany, India, Ireland, Japan, Sweden, and Wales produce their own whiskies.Scotch is produced from any of the following regions of Scotland: 1. Super Pro-Tip – Do not attempt to read the above line after a few drinks. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Mainly, the purpose of this was to unify the definition of whisky. In 1909, a paper titled The Royal Commission on Whisky and Other Potable Spirits was published in the British Medical Journal. Your email address will not be published. Overall, the rules regarding what makes Canadian whisky and what makes American whiskey couldn’t be further apart. They produced Dunville's, for many years the best-selling Irish whiskey in the US. The same applies to Canadian whisky, while Japan, England, Wales, the Nordics, Australia (you get my drift) follow that lead. George Dickel, Makers Mark and Old Forester all follow the Scottish spelling. Along the way I became a winemaker, Oregon Pinot Noir; a judge for various international, I have been writing and speaking about wines and spirits for 20 years. I have been writing and speaking about wines and spirits for 20 years. White Dog is the American term used for unaged whiskey, also known as ‘moonshine’ or ‘white whiskey’. 7 Tennessee whiskey, 40% The world’s most popular American whiskey isn’t … If the liquor originated in the United States or Ireland, use whiskey. In Scotland, malt whisky is always made using 100% malted barley. The spelling of whisky is an interesting historical footnote in the evolution of the world’s whisky industry. Cork’s West Cork Distillers, which owned the North Mall and the Midleton distilleries, the latter the predecessor to Irish Distillers Ltd New Midleton Distillery where Jameson whiskey is produced today, had a capacity of 1.5 million gallons. The Irish spell whiskey with an e between the k and the y while their Scottish counterparts leave out the e. The distinction, in addition to being the bane of proof readers, also offers some important insights into the evolution and history of whisky. Whiskey Tasting was the second of three BABCPHL Summer Series networking events held by the British American Business Council of Greater Philadelphia. This is also why Whiskey/Whisky is a very popular spirit all over the world, especially here in India. Jack Daniel’s old no. The Scots also proved to be brilliant marketers and packagers and made steady inroads into Irish whiskey’s global market share. American and Irish liquor producers tend to favor the spelling whiskey, while Canadian, Scottish and Japanese producers tend to favor whisky. This distinction is also made in the New World: Americans spell it with 'e' and Canadians spell it without. According to Alfred Barnard, the late 19th century chronicler of the whisky industry in Great Britain, there were only a handful of Scotch whisky distilleries whose capacity exceeded 100,000 gallons. They also had the largest inventory of aging whiskey in Great Britain. So, now let us delve deep into Irish whiskey vs Scottish Whisky. The events were complimentary however, in light of the current crises, we suggested attendees, if able, to consider making a $10 donation to Project Home when registering. If the liquor originated in Scotland, Canada, or Japan, use whisky. In the late 1800’s It is also said that the Irish producers wanted to differentiate their product from the Scottish whisky, as they thought the Scottish produce was inferior and of poor quality. And, learn why the alphabet E is so important. All Rights Reserved, This is a BETA experience. Whiskey – with the E – is usually used by Irish and American whiskey producers. The Scotch Whisky Act of 1988 requires all Scotch whisky be aged in oak barrels for a minimum of three years. Legally you cannot call something Scotch whiskey, only Scotch whisky. The practice, however, was not uniform. Dublin, Belfast, Derry and Cork were the centers of Irish whiskey production. Tennessee whiskey, however, must be made in Tennessee.. Rye whiskey, on the other hand, doesn’t necessarily have to … Back in the day, there were two prominent Whisky Producing regions which were Scotland and Ireland. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Derry and Cork had equally large distillers. Delicious! This is why we see the inclusion of the letter E in some of the names of our favorite Irish and Bourbon Whiskeys. The American spelling, also used by Irish brands, tends to favor the extra letter ‘E’ as in ‘whiskey’. An eclectic combination to be sure, then again, the state of the world would drive anyone to drink. This can get confusing for some people (especially those loyal to the notion that countries with an “e” spell whiskey with an “e”), but the rationale comes down to one thing: distiller heritage. Traditionally, ‘whisky’ is the British spelling, and so whisk(e)y that is distilled in Scotland will be labelled as Whisky (the same also applies to Canadian and Japanese ‘whisky’). ... American blended whiskey is a careful selection of straight whiskeys and grain spirits combined to … Pro-Tip – the plural of whisky is whiskies, but the plural of whiskey is whiskeys. Along the way I became a winemaker, Oregon Pinot Noir; a judge for various international competitions, among them the Irish Whisky Awards and the International Wine and Spirits Competition; wrote a book on Scotch Whisky: Its History, Production and Appreciation and working on one on Tequila. The difference between the two which is clearly denoted by the addition of the letter E is something which began years and years ago and still continues to date. “Legend has it that during the 1800s, most Scotch Whisky was considered as very low quality,” says Fletcher. Note that the British and Canadian spelling is without the e, so that properly one would write of Scotch whisky and Canadian whisky, but Kentucky bourbon whiskey and Irish whiskey. HERE are some more interesting facts about Whisky/Whiskey. The spelling of Scotch whisky (no ‘e’) is enshrined in law. Besides, some distilleries in both the countries also often use sherry or ex-bourbon casks. The answer is pretty straightforward: the spelling of whisky or whiskey simply depends on the country you are in. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. American whiskey is aged in unused, charred oak barrels. Scotch whisky is a type of whisky made specifically in Scotland. Whiskey Whiskey. I write about wines and spirits and the hidden corners of the world, EY & Citi On The Importance Of Resilience And Innovation, Impact 50: Investors Seeking Profit — And Pushing For Change, Michigan Economic Development Corporation With Forbes Insights, New York Eateries October 2019: Where To Go -- And Not, New York Eateries September 2019: Where To Go -- And Not, New York Eateries June 2019: Where To Go -- And Not, New York Eateries March 2019: Where To Go -- And Not, New York Eateries February 2019: Where To Go -- And Not, The Forbes 2018 All-Star Eateries in New York, New York Eateries November 2018: Where To Go -- And Not, Wines Of The Week: Embracing The Unexpected In California and Pennsylvania, New York Eateries October 2018: Where to Go -- And Not. The word itself (both spellings) is of Celtic origin, and modern whisky/whiskey distillation practices originated in Ireland and Scotland. The manufacture of each of these types of whisky/ey is guided and regulated by the government of the spirit’s country of origin. I also write about the dusty, forgotten places of the world, the ones that reek of history and whose stories still resonate in the 21st century. Bottled directly after distillation, usually with water added to reduce it to drinking strength, these show off the character of a distillery’s spirit in its most natural form. Single Malt Scotch Whisky . It’s clear that the Scottish and Irish pioneered the Whisky Movement during its initial stages, which then trickled down to other countries and the influence of Scottish or Irish can still be seen today with the spelling. Think You Can Tell American Spellings From British Spellings? The American spelling is whiskey most likely due to the large number of Irish immigrants setting up their stills throughout the US. Although the legal spelling is whisky, whiskey is generally preferred. Which is the American spelling? 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